Peripheral Arterial Disease : Symptoms And Diagnosis
The main, usual symptoms of peripheral arterial disease is a cramping of painful muscle in the thighs, hips, or calves at the time of climbing stairs, walking, or exercising. Few minutes after the exercise is stopped, the pain of this disease normally vanishes due to it. The muscles in working position need extra blood flow.
Whereas, the muscles in resting position need little blood flow. If there is a blockage of blood flow because of the buildup of plaque, the muscles do not get sufficient blood at the time of exercise. The crampy pain also known as intermittent claudication, when occurred due to peripheral arterial disease, the muscles start warming the body, which is not receiving sufficient blood in the course of exercise for meeting the demand.
A number of people suffering from peripheral arterial disease have no signs or symptoms. However, the symptoms of peripheral arterial disease include:
- Toe or foot wounds, which do not heal or heal at a very slow rate.
- Pain in leg, which do not go away with the stopping of exercise.
- A marked temperature decrease of the foot or lower portion of leg, specifically compared to the other parts of the body.
Leg pain understanding:
A number of individuals ignore leg pain assuming it as a usual sign of age. One may assume it as arthritis, stiffness, or sciatica due to the old age. For a correct diagnosis, one must judge the basis of the pain. The pain of peripheral arterial disease is experienced in the muscles. It does not occur in joints.
The people with diabetics have confusion in pain of peripheral arterial disease and neuropathy, which is a usual diabetic symptom of peripheral arterial disease. It is a symptom, which is experienced as a discomfort or burning discomfort of the thighs or feet. If one is experiencing any type of recurring like pain, he must consult to a health care professional. The pain must be described accurately to the doctor for a proper health care treatment. Moreover, if one is experiencing other peripheral arterial disease risk factors, he must ask about peripheral arterial disease in the healthcare, even if he does not have any symptoms related with this disease.
Diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease starts by means of a physical test. The provider of healthcare will look for weak pulses of legs. The physical test may include:
ABI or Ankle-brachial index: It is a painless exam, which match up the blood pressure of the feet with the pressure in arms in determining the blood flow. This is an inexpensive test, which consumes only few minutes. It can be done by any professional of healthcare as a routine exam.
Ultrasound and Doppler imaging: It is a method, which visualizes the arteries with a sound wave and record the flow of blood in the arteries to detect the blockage presence.
MRA or magnetic resonance angiography: this test can locate the arteries in pelvis, abdomen, or legs. It is a test, which provides information just like CT scan without the use of X-rays.